SCHABOL, Roger

 

SCHABOL, Roger. Dictionnaire pour la Théorie et la Pratique du Jardinage et de l’Agriculture, par Principes, et démontrées d’après la Physique des Végétaux.

Paris, Chez Debure Pere, 1770.

£1,500

8vo, pp. lxxx, 528; engraved frontispiece, 18 engraved plates at the end (8 folding) and occasional illustrations throughout the text. Plate 13 with lower half cut out, which was seemingly illustrated, for traces of printing are visible (plate 14 looks similar as to the image setting, although the lower half is blank). Small vignette on title page, head and tail pieces. Bound in original decorated wrappers, paper label to spine with ink title. Label and wrapper on spine deteriorated, showing sewing on four stations of single supports. Untrimmed, with deckled edges. A fine copy, complete, in its original wrappers, with frontispiece and all the 18 plates here present, which often are lacking.

The abbot Jean-Roger Shabol (1690-1768) was a passionate French gardener and horticulturalist, who is renown for his significant contribution to the field. His dictionary of gardening was first published in Paris in 1767. He introduced it with a “Speech on gardening”, which describes the functions of the air, the parts of plants, seeds and sap. The present copy is the second edition of this lovely work, published posthumously, which includes descriptions of garden features, methods of cultivation, horticultural implements and stages of growth in fruit, flower and tree.

DE SIEBOLD [with] DE VRIESE

DE SIEBOLD, Ph. Fr. [with] DE VRIESE, W. H., (Eds) Annales d’horticulture et de botanique, ou Flores des jardins du Royaume des Pays-Bas, et Historie des plantes cultuvées les plus intéressantes des possessions néerlandaises aux Indes Orientales, et Amérique et du Japon (II-IV)

 Leiden, A. W. Sijthoff, 1859-62.

£650

Royal 8vo, 4 volumes in 2, missing vol. 1. 49 plates, most of them hand-coloured. Title-pages of second and fourth volume autographed. Vol. II: pp. 1-192, 4 hand-coloured double plates, 1 uncoloured double plate (browned), 8 hand-coloured single plates, 1 uncoloured single plate (foxed); Vol. III: pp. 1-195, 5 hand-coloured double plates, 7 hand-coloured single plates, 1 uncoloured plate; Vol. IV: pp. 1-192, 1 hand-coloured double plate, 10 hand-coloured single plates, 1 uncoloured plate; Vol. V: pp. 1-196, 10 hand-coloured single plates, 2 uncoloured plates (1 single, 1 folding). Preserving the original wrappers with titles, bound in later half blue cloth and marbled paper over boards, green morocco labels with gilt-tooled titles and decorative gilt rolls to head and foot of spines. Bookbinder’s label “Boekbinderij J.V. Welzen Jz, Leiden” on left pastedown.

GALLESIO, Giorgio

GALLESIO, Giorgio. Pomona Italiana, ossia trattato degli alberi fruttiferi

Pisa, Co’ Caratteri de’ FF. Amoretti, 1817-1839., 1839.

£1850

FIRST EDITION. Folio. Issues from 1 to 38 (of 41). All the stipple-engraved plates are missing (printed in colour and finished by hand, including one double-page, 2 full-page engraved plates by Giuseppe Pera, Giuseppe Carocci, Tommaso Nasi, Francesco Corsi and others, after Domenico del Pino, Antonio Serantoni, Isabella Bozzolini and others). One of the five copies, or sets of fascicules bound in original wrappers, ordered by Lord Bristol. Lord Bristol was one of the subscribers to this magnificent work. As visible from the dedication handwritten in pen on each volume, this copy was a present for Thomas Andrew Knight (1759-1838), the well-known horticulturalist and botanist, who was also the second President of the Royal Horticultural Society.

THE FINEST ITALIAN WORK ON FRUITS. As well as being a dedicated botanist, Gallesio was an esteemed lawyer and civil servant. He is famous for conducting experiments in his orchards at Savona, which were later reference by Charles Darwin to illustrate his theory of natural selection in the development of varieties.

Dunthorne 118: “a very fine work”; Great Flower Books pp. 92-95; Oak Spring Pomona 52; Nissen BBI 683.

CATO, Marcus Porcius [with] VARRO, Marcus Terentius [with] COLUMELLA, Lucius Junius Moderatus

CATO, Marcus Porcius. De re rustica liber I and VARRO, Marcus Terentius. Rerum rusticarum libri III [with] COLUMELLA, Lucius Junius Moderatus. De re rustica libri XII. Eiusdem de Arboribus liber separatus ab alijs.

Paris, Ex officina Roberti Stephani typographi Regij, 1543.

£2250

8vo, two imprints in one volume, the first including two works of different authors: 1) ff. 113 (vii), A-P8 + 2) pp. 498 (xxii), a-z A-I8 K4. Italic letter, a little Roman. Estienne device on both title pages, capital spaces with guide-letters, some diagrams in Columella’s De re rustica. Initial quire and a few final leaves lightly browned to edges. Trimmed. In perfect condition, fresh, clean and crisp. In C18th gilt-ruled calf over board, skilfully rebacked, gilt spine in compartments with lettered red morocco label, cover edges gilt, some minor rubbing to covers and corners has been properly repaired. An excellent copy.

The Florentine humanist Pietro Vettori (1499-1585) edited this collection of agricultural works. Vettori’s introductory letter to Cardinal Marcello Cervini, later Pope Marcello II, though for a very brief period, bears signature “Florence 1541”. The first imprint appearing in this book includes the works of two important authors of ancient Rome. The first author, Cato the Elder, also called “the Censor”, was a senator and historian known for his conservatism and opposition to Hellenization. His manual on running a farm is a miscellaneous collection of rules of husbandry and management, including sidelights on country life in the 2nd century BC. The second writer, the scholar Varro, is the author of Rerum rusticarum libri tres (Three Books on Agriculture), which has been described as “the well digested system of an experienced and successful farmer who has seen and practised all that he records.” Harrison, Fairfax (1918), “Note Upon the Roman Agronomists”. The second imprint includes two works by Columella, who was probably the most prominent writer on agriculture of his time. His Res rustica in twelve volumes forms an important source on Roman agriculture, together with the works of Cato and Varro. In manuscripts and early editions of Columella, the short work De arboribus (On Trees) is placed as the third book of Res rustica. However, it is clear from the opening sentences that it is part of a separate work. The earliest editions of Columella, such as this one, group his works with those of Cato, Varro and Palladius. Some modern library catalogues follow Brunet in listing these under “Rei rusticae scriptores”.

Brunet, V, 246 ; Renouard, 55-2 ; Adams, S-817