WIGAND, Johannes


WIGAND, Johannes [with] SEINECKER, Nikolaus. De sacramentarijsmo, dogmata et argumenta ex quatuor patriarchis sacramentariorum, carlstadio, zvvinglio, oecolampadio, Calvino item: de schismate sacramentario, quasi in unum corpus redacta per D. Johannem vvigandum episcopum pomezaniensem. Additus geminus index, prior locorum scripturae passim ab autore hoc opere explanatorum. Alter rerum atque verborum…

Leipzig, Georgius Defnerus imprimebat (colophon: Apud Georgium Defnerum, Impensis Henningi Gross.), 1585


4to, ff. 16, 582, α-β8 A-3F8 3G6 3H-4D8 (Ggg6 blank). Mainly Italic letter, some Roman, sporadic Greek and Hebrew words. Large decorated initials, head and tailpieces. Oval vignette within a floral border of a female figure holding a sceptre flanked by a lion, architectural view in the background, on title page with motto “virtute, labore et constantia”. Second t-p marked with old metal clip on margin (Hhh1): “Exegesis colloquiorum aliquot, cum sacramentariis habitorum”, imprint dated “1584”. Verso of final leaf with large elaborate woodcut of Christopher bearing Jesus with inscribed biblical verse (“Fortitudo mea et laus mea Jehoua et factus est mihi in salutem Exodi 15”) and repeated imprint. Two library stamps on t-p of Christ College and the theological library of Aberdeen University, occasionally repeated throughout. “Of the Jesuit College of Munich” in early Latin handwriting on t-p and earlier shelf mark on front endpaper, plus another later label with library no. Bound in contemporary limp vellum, yapp edges, remains of ties and gilt stamped coat of arms of Johannes Georg von Werdenstein (1542-1608) at centre of both covers. Ink title to spine. Evenly though lightly browned throughout. A fine copy with a prestigious provenance.

Johann Wigand (1523-87) was a German Lutheran cleric and theologian. He served as Bishop of Pomesania and took part in the long sacramental disputes of the Reformation, which focused on the issue of the Lord’s Supper. The participants of these disputes were important theologians: the Lutherans, such as Johannes Brenz, Niels Hemming, Nikolaus Amsdorf and Tilemann Hesshusen opposed by the leading representative of the Reformed confessions, such as John Calvin, Heinrich Bullinger, Theodore de Beze, Pier Martire Vermigli, Jan Laski and Valerand Poullain. In this work Wigand illustrates and discusses the positions of Karlstadt, Zwingli, Oecolampadius and Calvin. “The Lutheran orthodox affirmed Christ’s bodily presence in the Lord’s Supper and supported this claim christologically, claiming that Christ’s body participates in the divine attribute of multi-presence. For the Lutherans, Christ’s body (that’s the finite thing) does and therefore can bear the divine attribute of multi-presence (that’s the infinite thing). The Reformed orthodox rejected this, arguing that Christ’s human body is not capable of multi-presence – the finite is not capable of the infinite…Sacramental dispute about whether Christ is present in the bread and wine of the Lord’s supper. But the sacramental dispute finds its technical extension in Christology, the question of how the divine and human natures and their attributes relate in the person of Christ” (Bonhoeffer’s Reception of Luther, Michael P. DeJonge). The owner of this book was Johann Georg von Werdenstein (1542–1608), canon of Augsburg and Eichstätt, who collected a very substantial library consisting of tens of thousands of books. Werdenstein came from an aristocratic family and entered the Catholic Church, becoming a canon of Augsburg Cathedral in 1563, and adding a further canonry at Eichstatt in 1567. Around 9,000 volumes from his library including many musical items were purchased in 1592 for 6,000 florins by the Duke of Bavaria, for the Ducal Library in Munich, now the Bavarian State Library.

 Adams W1578.